Tharman is Senior Minister in Singapore, having served for several years as Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister. He is also Coordinating Minister for Social Policies, and chairs the National Jobs Council aimed at building skills and jobs in the wake of COVID-19. He is concurrently Chairman of Singapore’s central bank and financial regulator. Tharman co-chairs the G20 High Level Independent Panel on financing the global commons for pandemic preparedness and response, which recently launched its report and recommendations. He earlier led the G20 Eminent Persons Group on Global Financial Governance, which in 2018 proposed reforms in development finance and the international monetary system for a more cooperative international order. Tharman chairs the Group of Thirty, an independent council of economic and financial leaders from the public and private sectors and academia. He also co-chairs the Global Education Forum, and the Advisory Board for the UN’s Human Development Report. He earlier chaired the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC) for four years; he was its first Asian chair. Tharman has spent his working life in public service, in roles principally related to economic and social policies. In addition to his responsibilities in Government, he is Deputy Chairman of GIC and chairs its Investment Strategies Committee.